The Vaiśeṣika school offers a metaphysical analysis of the world and an atomistic physics.
Nyāya proposes that each of us has both a self and a mind, in addition to the body.
Nyāya philosophers explain how perception can bring us knowledge.
The Nyāya-Sūtra inaugurates a tradition of logical and epistemological analysis.
Yoga as presented by Patañjali offers a practical complement to the Sāṃkhya theory of the cosmos and the self.
Philosophical aspects of Ayurveda, focusing on the oldest surviving medical treatise, the Caraka-Samhita.
The oldest treatise of Sāṃkhya enumerates the principles of the cosmos and of the human mind.